Patentability of Biotechnology in India
University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, India
Volume II – Issue I, 2021
Biotechnology is a culmination of human intervention and natural processes. Though the evolution of patent law on biotechnology dates back to the seventh century, the global adoption of the patent system started in Venice as the first patent law was enacted in 1494, which regarded as the foundation for the world’s patent system. The trend of filing biotechnological patents in India has a steady growth as in 2008-09 the total filing was 1884, 2009-10 the total biotech application is about 2700, however, the highest filing recorded so far is 2774 in 2007. India is one of the bio-diversity rich countries, it would be prudent to protect biotechnological inventions as that would help Indian biotechnology research to compete globally. India needs to reap the due benefits from its rich bio-resources with an enabling provision for patent protection in biotechnological innovations and inventions. This paper author will discuss the biotechnology patenting activity in India, patentability of biological material and patentability of microorganism. This paper also includes case analysis which will reflect about biotech patent jurisprudence in India. At last, it includes a comparative analysis of few international provisions with India provision to get a clear understanding in the topic.
Keywords: Biotechnology, Patent act, Bio- diversity, biotechnology patent activity..